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Human society is changing at a rapid pace. Intensified exchanges, environmental crisis and the clash of cultural identities make up a world that is increasingly difficult to decipher and anticipate. Surveying the planet for twenty-five years, anthropologist Boris Lelong proposes to decode these major contemporary issues with original and inspiring analyses.


BORIS LELONG has lived and worked in very diverse cultures: Himalayas, Madagascar, Southern Africa, Philippines, Sahara, Seine-Saint-Denis... 

A graduate of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, he explores the intersecting fields of political anthropology and cultural history, focusing in particular on the interactions between globalization and local communities, and the possibilities offered in terms of social dynamics and ecological relevance.

Combining human sciences and creative projects, he has conducted a series of innovative cultural research and action initiatives with communities of various sizes (from villages to large cities). His work has been critically acclaimed and has received various awards (Académie Charles Cros, Télérama, Inrockuptibles, etc.) and his ten-year collaboration with Saint-Denis (93) was awarded the interministerial label Bien Vieillir Vivre Ensemble. 

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This seminar proposes to go back over the history of globalization, thus putting the stakes of today's world into perspective. We will outline the main lines: from tribal societies to centralized empires, up to the global expansion of the market and the state. 

From this last stage, we will articulate the various facets: the spread of literacy and political revolutions, the rise of the consumer society and identity tensions, techno-energy innovations and the global ecological crisis.  

This panoramic approach will enable us to identify the environmental, political and cultural challenges facing us, which we will place in perspective with the universal and more than ever topical ideal of democracy. 



Both society and businesses must manage a continuous dialectic between hierarchy and equality, while rallying its members around a collective identity that makes sense to them. 

Can the verticality of the organization chart be reconciled with the required horizontality among employees? When and how is it desirable to make use of a leader? How can a group be unified around a common resolution and identity? What is, in the end, the driving force behind the life of a group? 

Drawing on the discoveries of contemporary anthropology, this talk looks back at the origins of our species in order to understand the foundations of our organisational modes. A look at various societies around the world highlights a whole range of social techniques designed to maintain a balance between equality, hierarchy and collective efficiency. 



The global environmental crisis facing the planet derives from the emergence of industrial civilization, which has taken precedence over other more balanced approaches to the use of natural resources. 

Having shared the lives of peasant and indigenous communities who have mastered the delicate art of balancing the plant, animal and human worlds, Boris Lelong shares the lessons that can be drawn from them. 

From ecological land use planning to the relationship between town and country, through systems of mutual aid and cooperation, another civilizational perspective is taking shape... 



Globalization is causing cultural identities to be in turmoil, generating social anxiety and loss of bearings. Based on anthropological research, this training proposes an overview of the culture-identity-society issue.

Many questions are addressed through a multitude of concrete examples. What is culture and what is its importance? What is the impact of globalization on cultures? Are identities concrete or imaginary? Can a society be multicultural? Are there values common to humanity?

The seminar offers a wide range of information, concepts and analytical tools that will enable participants to better understand the complex situations of the contemporary world.



Boris Lelong has led innovative socio-cultural projects with the most diverse populations: today he trains professionals in the methods and processes involved in managing collective adventures. 

- Planning, flexibility and reactivity. Managing the different phases of the project
- Developing an ecosystem of projects. 
- The Village Effect: working with the local human network.
- Everyday life and highlights. Experiments and restitutions.
- The economy of ties and the “experienced commons”.
- The inexhaustible dynamics of the gift relationship.



With music as his passport, Boris Lelong has lived in indigenous communities in Madagascar, the Philippines, the Himalayas, Zambia, the Sahara... He now shares his sound notebooks from 25 years of musical exploration of the planet, meeting captivating men and women, discovering what makes our common humanity. 

- A journey to understand how we inhabit the planet: ecology, social cohesion, cultural diversity...
- Discover other cultures: a forest tribe, a tropical kingdom, mountain villages, a refugee community, a multicultural city...
- How to explore faraway lands leads us to rediscover our original culture and to link the whole into a common destiny.



Lone Heroes and the Social Contract

Market economy, power relations and democracy explained in Mad Max and other Hollywood sagas. 

Robots and magicians

Technology: the conflicting views of Steve Jobs and Wall-E. From the moon to the smartphone: where has the progress gone? Gandalf against the Industrial Revolution: the eternal return of the Jedi. 

The Politics of Dragons

An ethnographic journey through the world of Game of Thrones, where very different social projects collide: aristocratic kingdoms, warrior chiefdoms, merchant cities, democratic tribes... 

The inexhaustible world music

From hunting songs to electronic music, 10,000 years of musical creativity. 


BORIS LELONG gave talks at the Musée du Quai Branly, the Musée National des Arts Asiatiques Guimet, the University of the Philippines, the Espace Senghor in Brussels, as well as in a multitude of local venues (schools, media libraries, retirement homes, etc...) He has been invited to speak on various radio stations, including France Inter, France Culture, RFI and RTBF. 

He is also a trainer at the CNFPT, working in the fields of socio-cultural project management and anthropological decoding of society. 

Boris Lelong can either act as a speaker during a meeting or as a trainer during a seminar of one or several days.

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